Expression Viewer Output

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The output of the expression atlas offers 4 ways to visualize the expression data and 2 ways to download the results:

At the top of the output page (Figure 1) is the query gene name and its functional description. These elements link to the locus page where is possible to find all the information associated with the query gene.
Under the query gene information there is an input box where the input gene name can be changed, in order to re-run the expression analysis using a new gene, but with the same conditions as the previous analysis.

Figure 1. Expression Cube output.

3.1 Expression Cube

This output consists of a 3D cube where the top layer displays the expression data for the query gene (gene name shown on the left of the cube in blue) and the layers below correspond to the genes with the most similar spatiotemporal expression profiles (Figure 1). At the bottom of the cube there is a page menu to visualize more genes. On the right of Figure 1 a legend shows the expression values for the color scale. On the top of the expression cube (Figure 2) are the developmental stages, sorted in time from left to right.
On the left of the cube top layer, the tissues are listed from top to bottom, showing the tissues from the insect from outside to inside.

Figure 2. Top layer of the Expression Cube.

The expression Cube is interactive. When the mouse cursor is moved over a gene names, the gene description and correlation value (based on the co-expression with the query gene) will be displayed (Figure 3). Clicking on a gene name will split the cube to show the expression layer for that gene (Figure 3). Clicking again on the gene name will collapse the cube again. Multiple gene expression layers can be displayed simultaneously, so the expression of several genes can be compared.

When the cursor is moved over the tiles of the cube, the expression value for that stage/tissue intersection is shown.

Figure 3. Expression Cube split in two showing description and correlation for a gene.

3.2 Expression bar graphs

Clicking on any tile from the expression cube will open a bar graph to show the expression values for that gene (Figure 4). Error bars are shown indicating standard error of the mean. Bar plots can be opened for many genes simultaneously to compare their expression. By default, tissues are shown on X axis and stages are shown as bars of different colors; however, clicking on the transpose button will change the X axis to show stages and the tissue/cell types will be shown as bars (Figure 5).

Figure 4. Expression bar graph.

Figure 5. Expression bar graph with tissues and stages transposed.

3.3 Expression images

The second tab on the expression viewer output shows the expression values from the query gene in their anatomical and developmental context, using a color scale to display the expression on drawings that represent the stages and tissues from the insect (Figure 6). These drawings are directly traced from photographs and microscope images (See the anatomy viewer for more information). Moving the mouse over the images will show a popup window with the expression value for each of the tissues/cell types.

Figure 6. Expression images output

3.4 Heatmap

An interactive heatmap clusters the genes and conditions using a distance tree. Moving the cursor over the tiles will show conditions and expression values for that gene. Selecting a region of the heatmap using the mouse will allow the user to zoom in to that region. Clicking again on any tile will zoom out to display the whole heatmap again. Clicking on a gene or condition will highlight it on the heatmap.
This heatmap was implemented using the library d3heatmap.

Figure 7. Heatmap

3.5 Downloading the results

There are two ways to download the results from the expression atlas. First, the expression cube and the expression images can be downloaded clicking the save as img button on the right of the tabs Expression Cube, Expression images and Heatmap (Figure 1). This button will download the images from the active tab exactly in the state they are displayed when clicking the button. The downloaded images have a transparent background, so that they can more easily be included in slides or publications.
Another way to download the expression data for the selected conditions is by clicking on the Download expression data button under the expression cube (Figure 1). This will download a tab delimited text file with the expression and correlation values and descriptions for each gene. This file can be easily imported to any spreadsheet program.